Title: Behavior and community Health Science : Review Article
Article Number: EC/2014/033
Authors: Rahul Ingale
Topic: Clinical Research
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), which primarily affect poor people in developing countries, are now being found among the poor in relatively affluent regions as well, particularly in parts of Eastern Europe with a history of war and conflict. To review the prevalence, incidence, and geographic distribution of the major neglected infections of poverty in Europe as a basis for future policy recommendations. The literature from 1999 to 2010 for neglected tropical diseases listed by PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases) and the geographic regions and countries of (continental) Europe was reviewed. Specifically, areas of conflict in Eastern Europe continue to suffer from the adverse health effects of poverty brought on by weakened economies and disenfranchised populations. People living in the Balkans and the former Soviet bloc countries are most vulnerable to being trapped in a cycle of poverty that is exacerbated by NTDs, particularly ethnic minority groups and immigrants. Among the policy recommendations are increased efforts to determine the prevalence, incidence, and geographic distribution of Europe’s neglected infections, epidemiological studies to understand the ecology and mechanisms of disease transmission, and research and development for new control tools.
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